Marijuana and its impact on hypertension

Medical marijuana has been has been proved to provide health benefits while also effectively combating a variety of different health conditions. It seems like a new beneficial health property is discovered about medical cannabis every month as it has become one of the most researched topics of our time. This explains why so many people have started to wonder about the link between cannabis and blood pressure.

What Is High Blood Pressure?

High blood pressure also commonly known as hypertension is a health condition in which the force pressing against the walls of the human arteries is higher than it is suppose to be. This implies that the pressure against their artery walls is too much and repeatedly elevated over time. According to statistics, an estimated number of around 1 in every 3 adults in the U.S. over the age of 20 suffer from high blood pressure, and two-thirds of people over the age of 65 also suffer from this deadly disease. Prolonged exposure to this high force along the artery walls can trigger extensive damage to the arteries and other related health problems

The symptoms of high blood pressure do not usually appear until levels are very high and include nausea, headache, dizziness, and blurry vision. It should be noted that  high blood pressure if  not properly treated can result in  serious health problems. As  the hard  pressing of blood artery walls cause blood vessel damage contributing  to cardiovascular disease, which can damage the organs.

The link between marijuana and the treatment of hypertension

Statistics show that one in three adults in the United States suffer from hypertension, a condition commonly known as high blood pressure. It this condition is left unmanaged, it can deteriorate to a cardiovascular disease,   accompanied by an increased risk of stroke, heart attack, and even heart failure. The factors which increase the risk of developing hypertension include poor diet, stress, physical inactivity, alcohol, and tobacco use.

Some of the medicinal effects of marijuana on blood pressure, especially the acute effects, are well researched, understood and documented by researchers. However, clinical studies elaborating the other effects, especially long-term adverse or positive effects, are limited, and often characterized or limited by poor study design or the fact that findings from animal studies at times don’t perfectly transfer to human subject.  As if that is not enough, many research findings are highly generalized, and focus only on THC while neglecting consideration of the numerous other compounds imbedded in marijuana. Note should be taken that, a marijuana strain with high psychoactive cannabinoid known as THC would yield different results from a strain containing  largely non-intoxicating cannabinoid  known as CBD

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Clinical studies suggest that endocannabinoid system in the body (a system with naturally occurring chemicals behaving similar to cannabinoids found in marijuana)  in regulating  is the main regulator of many of the body’s key physiological functions, including cardiovascular function. Investigations have shown that anandamide a version of THC that occurs naturally in the body relaxes blood vessels, thus allowing blood to flow more freely, anandamide helps lower blood pressure in humans.

The National Institute on Alcohol Abuse & Alcoholism released a report suggesting that endocannabinoids tonically suppress cardiac contractility in high blood pressure and that the endocannabinoid system if well targeted can offer novel therapeutic strategies in the treatment of high blood pressure. researchers have been inspired  by degree to which the endocannaboid systems  plays a role in regulating blood pressure to examine if hypertension can be treated  by manipulating the endocannabinoid system.

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Science has revealed that almost all forms of smoke (including tobacco) cause blood pressure to spike. While the most popular way of marijuana ingestion is by smoking, mairjuna smoke might cause blood pressure to eventually go down. This is primarily explained by the fact that the human body produces a form of the cannabinoid THC (the primary marijuana compound that produces euphoria or the ‘high”) which in turn endogenously produces a  cannabinoid, known as anandamide  responsible for relaxing blood vessels throughout the body. This compound has the capability to lower overall blood pressure since relaxes the blood vessels permitting blood to flow much more easily.


No matter the conception you have about medical marijuana and high blood pressure, it is advisable to always follow the instructions of your physician. Attempt to self-medicate with the use of marijuana is risky and always take any prescribed medicines as well as marijuana doses as instructed by your doctor. Hypertension can be an extremely serious health situation, and it shouldn’t be taken for granted. Given the increasing prevalence of high blood pressure at a time when states are liberalizing cannabis laws, people are curies about the effects of marijuana on blood pressure and if it lower blood pressure. The answers based on clinical test is ‘yes’ but it should be accompanied by other conventional medications.

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